APA referencing – Caring through Welsh App

We’ve had a few enquiries recently about how to reference the Caring through Welsh app using the APA 6th Swansea style of referencing.

Below is an example of how to do this in text and in the reference list.

In-text:
Swansea University and Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol (2014)
OR
(Swansea University & Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol, 2014).

In the reference list:
Swansea University., & Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol. (2014). Gofalu trwy’r Gymraeg / Caring through Welsh (Version 1.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from https://play.google.com/store

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Cyfeirnodi APA – Ap Gofalu’r trwy’r Gymraeg

Rydym wedi derbyn ymholiadau yn ddiweddar ynglŷn â sut mae cyfeirnodi’r Ap, Gofalu trwy’r Gymraeg yn defnyddio arddull APA Fersiwn 6 Abertawe o gyfeirnodi.

Isod gweler enghraifft o sut mae gwneud hyn mewn testun ac yn y rhestr gyfeirnodi.

 Yn y testun:
Swansea University and Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol (2014)
neu
(Swansea University & Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol, 2014).

 Yn y rhestr o gyfeiriadau:

Swansea University., & Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol. (2014). Gofalu trwy’r Gymraeg / Caring through Welsh (Version 1.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from https://play.google.com/store

Cyfeirnodi APA – Cyfeirnodi PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.

Rydym wedi derbyn ymholiadau yn ddiweddar ynglŷn â sut mae cyfeirnodi’r siart llif PRISMA yn defnyddio arddull APA Fersiwn 6 Abertawe o gyfeirnodi.

Isod gweler enghraifft o sut mae gwneud hyn mewn testun ac yn y rhestr gyfeirnodi.

 Yn y testun: (Ffigwr 1 mewn llythrennau italig). Rhowch deitl i’r siart llif PRISMA.

Ffigwr 1.  PRISMA flow chart showing etc  (Moher, Liberati, Tetzlaff, & Altman, 2009).

 Yn y rhestr o gyfeiriadau:

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7), e1000097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097

Defnyddio APA i gyfeirio at eiriadur ar-lein/ Using APA to reference an online dictionary

Rydym wedi cael un neu ddau o ymholiadau yn ddiweddar ynghylch sut i gyfeirio at eiriaduron ar-lein gan ddefnyddio APA. Dyma’r ateb i chi:

Yn y testun:

Gydag APA, rydych yn rhoi’r gair rydych yn ei ddiffinio, er enghraifft Meddygaeth yn lle’r awdur a rhoi dyfynodau dwbl o amgylch y gair.

“Medicine” (2016) neu (“Medicine”, 2016)

Yn y rhestr o gyfeiriadau:

Gair a ddiffinnir. (Blwyddyn). Yn Teitl y cyfeirlyfr (argraffiad os nad y cyntaf ydyw, e.e. 3ydd argraffiad). Wedi’i gael o’r url

Medicine. (2016). In Oxford English dictionary (3rd ed.). Wedi’i gael o’r  http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/115715?rskey=kaRczE&result=1&isAdvanced=false#eid

 


Using APA to reference an online dictionary

We’ve had a couple of queries recently about how to reference online dictionaries using APA. Here is the answer:

In-text:

With APA, you place the word you are defining, for example ‘Medicine’ in the author position and place double quotation marks around the word.

“Medicine” (2016) or (“Medicine”, 2016)

In your reference list:

 Word being defined. (Year). In Title of reference book  (edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.). Retrieved from url

Medicine. (2016). In Oxford English dictionary (3rd ed.). Retrieved from http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/115715?rskey=kaRczE&result=1&isAdvanced=false#ei

5 days of referencing (#su5dor). Day 5.

There are a wide variety of tools which are freely available to help you with citing and creating reference lists, however none of them are perfect which is why it is important you know the basics of APA referencing and the key points to be aware of.

ifind, the library catalogue has a tool which recommends how books and journal articles should look in the APA style of referencing. Click on Library, then Actions then citation to view this. I have done a short screencast to show you this, click here to watch it.

ifind

Always check this! The tool is good but it will make some mistakes therefore you need to know which bits of information are required.

Referencing using word (Manage sources)
Word has a referencing tab on the tools bar which can be useful if you use the same laptop or computer to write assignments.  It will manage your sources and input in the correct APA style.  Take a look at our guide on using the referencing tool in Microsoft Word for more details on using this tool.

Endnote Online
Endnote is the tool Swansea University subscribes to, there is a desktop version for PCs on campus but the online version is very useful as you can use it anywhere that you have access to the internet.  Our guide can be found by clicking here and we can provide further training if you would like to use it.  You can create your own library of sources and use the cite while you write feature in word which will format your references in the APA style.

Thanks for participating in 5 days of referencing (#su5dor) remember referencing help and advice is always available from your CHHS librarians, you can book a one-one appointment (also available via skype), email us, or call in the Library to speak with one of us. You can also find lots of useful tips on our Library Guides pages.

If you’ve enjoyed this short course let us know using our short feedback form.
Good luck with your assignment.

5 days of referencing (#su5dor). Day 4.

Day 4. Formatting your reference list
Over the last 3 days we have looked at the 3 main information sources you will be using in your assignment, academic books, journal articles and online documents/websites.  It is important that your reference list provides all the information in order for your lecturers to be able to find the source if they wanted.

It is also important that it is formatted in the correct APA style.  This is sometimes where students struggle and spend a long time manually formatting their lists; however there are a number of tools in word that can make this process quicker and easier for you.

Key points

  • The reference list should start on a new page.
  • Your reference list should include everything you have cited in your assignment NOT everything you have read (which is called a bibliography).
  • It should be alphabetical according to author’s surname.
  • It should be double-spaced and indented.

If we use all the resources we have looked at over the last 3 days my reference list would look like this:Reference listTo do this is 3 easy steps in word, firstly highlight the reference list, then select the icon A-Z from the options, then to double space and indent the list choose the small arrow next to paragraph and from the options choose Special>Hanging, then Line spacing>double.

az

To show you how to format the list using the tools in word I have done a short screencast.  Click here to watch it.

Got a question? Just ask us using the Ask a Librarian Live Chat button, using the comments section in the blog or via twitter using #su5dor – Tomorrow we’ll look at tools that can help you reference.

5 days of referencing (#su5dor). Day 3.

Day 3. Websites and online documents.
Remember what we said on day 1? The key to referencing well in an assignment is firstly to use good reliable sources.  Make sure you evaluate anything you find online using the WWWW method:

Who – Who wrote the information?
Why – 
Why is this information there (Is there a bias?)
When – When was it published (is it current enough?)
Where – 
Where is it from (clues in the URL ie: .com, .ac.uk)

The main sections you need to make a note of in order to reference a website or online document correctly are:

  • Author(s) (personal or corporate)
  • Year of publication
  • Title of website/document
  • Date of retrieval (only needed if the source is likely to be updated)
  • Direct working URL

Very often some bits of information will not be available with online documents; a common one is no date – in this case you can do the following:

  • No date? – use (n.d.) instead

You can find further advice on pages 15 – 20 of our APA referencing guide.

In the reference list
Here are a few examples:

Websites
You only need to include a date of retrieval in the reference list if you think a website maybe updated (it’s difficult to know this sometimes).

Royal College of Nursing. (n.d.). Principles of nursing practice. Retrieved January 10, 2018, from https://www.rcn.org.uk/professional-development/principles-of-nursing-practice

Online publication
This reference links to the PDF version of the code which has a published date, therefore it does not need a date of retrieval.

Nursing & Midwifery Council. (2015). The code: Professional standards of practice and behaviour for nurses and midwives. Retrieved from http://www.nmc.org.uk/globalassets/sitedocuments/nmc-publications/revised-new-nmc-code.pdf

 In text citation
A good tip if you are going to use the same citation a few times in your assignment is to use acronyms.  You must explain the acronym in full the first time you use it, followed by the acronym so it is clear to your lecturer what is stands for.

First citation:
According to the Nursing & Midwifery Council (NMC, 2015, p. 5) a nurse must “recognise and respond compassionately to the needs of those who are in the last few days and hours of life.”

Or

According to the Nursing & Midwifery Council (NMC, 2015) a nurse must “recognise and respond compassionately to the needs of those who are in the last few days and hours of life” (p. 5).

Or

A nurse must “recognise and respond compassionately to the needs of those who are in the last few days and hours of life” (Nursing & Midwifery Council (NMC), 2015, p.5).

Second citation
Because you explained the acronym in the first citation you can now just use the acronym on any subsequent citations in text.

A nurse must “respect that a person’s right to privacy and confidentiality continues after they have died” (NMC, 2015, p. 6).

Or

The NMC (2015) state that a nurse must “respect that a person’s right to privacy and confidentiality continues after they have died” (p. 6).

Got a question? Just ask us using the Ask a Librarian Live Chat button, using the comments section in the blog or via twitter using #su5dor – Tomorrow we’ll look at formatting your reference list.