Referencing PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) using the Vancouver style of referencing.

We’ve had a few enquiries recently about how to reference the PRISMA flow chart using the Vancouver style of referencing.

Below is an example of how to do this in-text and in the reference list.

 In-text: Give the PRISMA flow chart a title. Remember the citation number goes after the full-stop. Your citation can be placed in square or round brackets or you can use superscript- just be consistent throughout you assignment.

Figure 1. PRISMA flow chart showing etc.       .[1]

In the reference list:

Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2018 Feb 9]; 6(7): e1000097 [5p.]. Available from:


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