5 days of referencing (#su5dor). Day 2.

Day 2. Journal articles
Journal articles are an excellent source of up-to-date and reliable information. Your lecturer for SHN126 has recommended over 20 articles for you to read (you don’t need to read them all!) which you can see in the reading list section of this module on Blackboard.

If we look at the reading list SHN126 your lecturer recommends you read an article called Professional practice skills for nurses written by Winnifred Groves.

There are a few more bits of information in a journal article which you need to make a note of in order to reference it correctly. The main sections you need to make a note of in order to reference a journal article correctly are:

  • Author(s)
  • Year of publication
  • Title of article
  • Journal name
  • Volume
  • Issue number (only use if there is no continuous pagination, i.e.: if each issue begins with page 1)
  • Page number
  • doi (if available)

If you have the journal article in front of you, you can normally find this information on the first page.  Alternatively search for the article on ifind, the library catalogue (using the articles & more tab) and you will be able to see the bibliographic information you need in order to reference correctly.

This is how this journal article would look in the reference list
Groves, W. (2014). Professional practice skills for nurses. Nursing Standard, 29(1), 51.

In text citation
Sometimes you may want to cite a direct quote in your assignment, however try to use direct quotes sparingly as paraphrasing shows more understanding of your topic.

If you decide you would like to include a direct quote it is very important you use quotation marks and you always include page numbers.  There are a number of ways you can do this:

At the start of the sentence:
According to Groves (2014, p. 52)The commitment to provide excellent care that is safe, compassionate and holistic is integral to nursing.”

Or

According to Groves (2014)The commitment to provide excellent care that is safe, compassionate and holistic is integral to nursing” (p. 52).

At the end of the sentence:
The commitment to provide excellent care that is safe, compassionate and holistic is integral to nursing”(Groves, 2014, p. 52).

How many authors should I include?
Journal articles and indeed books can sometimes be written by many authors, APA has a specific rule for how many authors you should include in-text.

Let’s use this journal article as an example:

Williams, V., Kinnear, D., & Victor, C. (2016). ‘It’s the little things that count’: Healthcare professionals’ views on delivering dignified care: A qualitative study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72, 782-790.

If the resource you want to cite has 3-5 authors (which this example does) you must include all the authors the first time you cite, therefore it would look like this in text:

First citation
According to Williams, Kinnear and Victor (2016) the preservation of dignity is a key role in nursing care.

Or

The preservation of dignity  is a key role in nursing care (Williams, Kinnear, & Victor, 2016).

Second citation
Because you included all 3 authors in the first citation you can now use et al. on any subsequent citations in text.

Williams et al. (2016) state that maintaining dignity in older adults is particularly important.

Or

Maintaining dignity in older adults is particularly important (Williams et al., 2016).

If the resource you want to cite has 6 or more authors you can use et al. the first time you cite.

Got a question? Just ask us using the Ask a Librarian Live Chat button, using the comments section in the blog or via twitter using #su5dor – Tomorrow we’ll look at websites and online documents.

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