Gibbs’ reflective cycle

Secondary referencing
Whenever possible you should use the original work. Sometimes this is not feasible therefore you must make clear that you have not read the original by referring to the work in which you found the reference. In the reference list only include details of the work that you read.

In-text citation
Gibbs’ reflective cycle (1988) cited in Jasper (2013) shows that…
Gibbs’ reflective cycle is a seminal theory in reflective practice (Gibbs, 1988, cited in Jasper, 2013)

In the reference list
Jasper, M. (2013). Beginning reflective practice (2nd ed.). Andover: Cengage Learning.

To avoid secondary referencing you may like to reference Gibbs’ reflective cycle directly by using:

Gibbs, G. (1988). Learning by doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Retrieved from


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